Chaharshanbe Suri: A Persian Festival of Fire and Renewal

charshanbe suri festival

Chaharshanbe Suri (also spelled Chaharshanbe Soori), or the Festival of Fire and Renewal, is a well-known and historic custom that takes place on the final Tuesday night before the Persian New Year. People in Iran, Afghanistan, and other regions of Central Asia have congregated for thousands of years to leap over flames, let off fireworks, dance, and exchange presents.

This article discusses the history and purpose of this Nowruz Fire Festival, as well as the attempts to ensure safety and maintain its cultural relevance for future generations.

What is chaharshanbe soori?

Chaharshanbe Suri festival is a fire celebration held on the night before the Iranian New Year. It is a time of celebration and renewal, when people gather to jump over flames, light fireworks, and enjoy music and dancing. This historic practice has been honored for thousands of years in Iran, Afghanistan, and other regions of Central Asia and is a valued part of the region’s cultural history.

The holiday is called Chaharshanbe Soori, which translates to “Wednesday Feast” in Persian. This may sound strange given that the event is held on a Tuesday, but the name is said to reflect to the fact that Wednesday was considered an auspicious day in ancient Persia. The celebration heralds the start of the Persian New Year, which occurs on the spring equinox, which is normally around March 21st.

Chaharshanbe Suri Date

The final Tuesday before the Persian New Year, which normally occurs on the day of the spring equinox, or around March 21, is when Iranian Fire Festival is historically observed. Because of this, Chaharshanbe Suri’s date changes every year. For instance, it was observed in 2022 on March 15th on a Tuesday. It will likely be observed on Tuesday, March 14 in 2023. The precise day, however, may change based on regional customs and traditions, so it’s crucial to keep that in mind.

Chaharshanbe Suri Origin and History

The Zoroastrian faith, which ruled Iran before to the coming of Islam, is where Chaharshanbe Suri’s roots may be found. In Zoroastrianism, fire is said to stand for purity and knowledge, and Charshanbe Suri is a means to appreciate and worship this element.

chaharshanbe suri

How is Chaharshanbe Suri celebrated?

Jumping over flames erected in the streets and public spaces is the major pastime of Chaharshanbe Suri (Persian fire jumping). The flames may be fairly enormous and are frequently created using heaps of wood and other items. Young and old congregate around the fires, jumping over them while holding hands, and occasionally uttering a particular rhyme that reads:

“Sorkhi-e to az man, zardi-e man az to”

(“Your redness is mine, my paleness is yours”)

Chaharshanbe Soori Chant

According to legend, Zoroastrianism, an ancient Persianism religion that predates Islam, is where the custom of jumping over fire first arose. During the upcoming year, it is said that the fire purifies the body and soul and wards off evil spirits. The burning of the old year’s misdeeds and misfortunes is also thought to symbolize the beginning of the new year with a clean slate.

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Others not only jumped over the fires, but also lit rockets and firecrackers, producing a stunning show of light and music. Music, dancing, and eating are all part of the event, which is a time of pleasure and celebration. They visit friends and relatives in their finest attire while exchanging sweets and other presents.

What type of food is served in Chaharshanbe Suri festival?

Chaharshanbe Suri is less of a food-focused occasion and more of a festival of fire and revelry. However during the celebration, several traditional Persian foods are frequently eaten. “Ash reshteh,” a thick soup filled with beans, lentils, veggies, and noodles, is one of these foods.Mint leaves and fried onions are frequently used as garnish.

amanu, a sweet paste produced from sprouted wheat and eaten with almonds and raisins, is another well-liked dish. In addition, dessert like halva is frequently consumed at Persian fire festival. It’s crucial to remember that the festival’s happy mood and the rituals centered on fire, rather than food, are what people come together to celebrate.

Persian new year jumping over fire

The usage of explosives and big fires may be risky, therefore in recent years there have been worries about the festival’s safety. In response, initiatives have been made to control the usage of fireworks and encourage safer methods to observe the celebration. Nowadays, many towns host open-air celebrations with regulated flames and fireworks, and there are campaigns to persuade people to dress safely, abstain from binge drinking, and engage in other harmful habits.

Notwithstanding these worries, Chaharshanbe Suri in Iran is still a treasured component and Central Asia’s cultural legacy. It is a season of rebirth and optimism when people gather to celebrate the beginning of a new year. The celebration serves as a reminder of the strength of fire, of its capacity for purification and transformation, as well as of the human spirit’s tenacity in the face of difficulty.


When is Chaharshanbe Suri celebrated?

On the final Tuesday night before the Persian New Year, which coincides with the spring equinox, 4shanbe Suri is observed (usually around March 21st).

Where is Chaharshanbe Soori celebrated?

Iran, Afghanistan, and other Central Asian nations commemorate Chaharshanbe Suri.

What does it mean to jump over a fire?

In order to purify one’s body and soul and fend off evil spirits for the upcoming year, one is said to jump over fire. The burning of the old year’s misdeeds and misfortunes is also thought to symbolize the beginning of the new year with a clean slate.

Is Charshanbe Suri a religious celebration?

The Zoroastrian faith, which stretches back to ancient Iran and predates Islam, is where Chaharshanbe Suri got its start. Nonetheless, it is today seen as a secular cultural event and is observed by people of all religions.

What additional customs are connected to Chaharshanbe Suri?

They also wear new clothing, visit friends and relatives, exchange sweets and other gifts, enjoy music and dancing, and leap over flames and light fireworks. For the celebration, several towns also create unique delicacies and decorations.


To sum up, Charshanbe Suri is a traditional Iranian celebration that marks the beginning of a new year with joy, fire, and rebirth. We have leaned the Chaharshanbe Suri meaning is Wednesday feast. As the event has been held for so long in Iran, Afghanistan, and other regions of Central Asia, it has become a significant part of the region’s cultural history. The Chaharshanbe Suri custom of jumping over bonfires and lighting fireworks is thought to symbolize the purification of body and mind, the burning away of sins and misfortunes from the previous year, and the beginning of the new year with a clean slate.

Chaharshanbe Soori, which celebrates the power of fire, its capacity for purification and transformation, and the resiliency of the human spirit in the face of hardship, continues to be a cherished part of the region’s cultural history despite safety concerns. It is a time of excitement and celebration when people gather together to spend time with one another and anticipate the possibilities of a brand-new year.

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